Romanticism, Realism, Photography: Europe and America, 1800-1870
Paris Saint-Lazare, Rue d'Amsterdam, Paris, France
This module presents the art of early to mid-19th century. At the beginning of the 19th century, Neoclassicism gave way to Romanticism and its emphasis on passion emotion, and a return to natural world. The world began to change dramatically in the wake of the Industrial Revolution, transforming European and the American economies. A shift from agriculture to industry emerged with new resources such as iron and steel. The development of the telegraph, telephone, passenger railroad, and the proliferation of newspapers reflected the expansion of communications. Demands for the rights of workers arose and the artistic style that corresponded to this society was Realism, a movement that inspired artists to directly observe society and nature.